# Note:

## This website will cease to exist after domain expiration date due to domain name trademark infringement claim.

#### The “Use in Commerce” Requirement.

For an owner of a domain name which incorporates the trademark of a competitor to be held liable for trademark infringement, the domain name must meet the “use in commerce” requirement of federal and state laws. Mere registration of a domain name incorporating a trademark has been held not to constitute “use in commerce.” In cases involving facts beyond the mere act of registration, however, courts have looked to website content in a fact-intensive inquiry, and have arrived at differing results.

So, although Best Widgets, Inc. clearly met the “use in commerce” requirement in our earlier example, a more difficult case is presented by “cybergripe” websites — that is, websites that (for example) criticize consumer products, but are not otherwise engaged in commerce. Some reported court decisions have held that in these scenarios, there is no “use in commerce” and no actionable trademark infringement claim. The key facts courts consider in these cases are whether or not the website offered goods or services for sale, generated any advertising or other revenues, or contained links to commercial websites.

Still, other courts have adopted a more expansive view of the “use in commerce” requirement, finding that as long as the corresponding website content affects commerce, the “use in commerce” requirement is met. Thus, under this more expansive view, where website content affects commerce downstream (for example, by plugs or links to other commercial websites which affect the commercial value of another’s trademark), courts have found the “use in commerce” requirement to have been satisfied. Under this approach, where a domain name incorporates the trademark of another and the corresponding website is a “cybergripe” site containing hyperlinks to commercial websites, the “cybergripe” site will lose its non-commercial status, and a trademark infringement claim will be viable.

So, if a dissatisfied customer creates a website called www.awesomewidgetsarefaulty.com, but does not advertise other widgets, does not mention other sellers of widgets, and does not contain links to any widget advertisements or to other widgets sellers’ websites, such a site will likely be found not to have met the “use in commerce” requirement. But if the website www.awesomewidgetsarefaulty.com advertises widgets sold by Best Widgets, or discusses how Best Widgets are better than Awesome Widgets, or contains links to the Best Widgets website, such conduct would greatly increase the likelihood of a court finding that the domain name use constitutes “use in commerce.”

Online fraction calculator is an online tool used to compute fraction automatically. Users are only required to press numbers and math operation signs to perform the calculation. The answer will be computed automatically in simplified form. Users will be presented with step by step solution that will be displayed right below the online fraction calculator. There are three groups of buttons in the calculator. The first group represents the whole numbers. They are located at the half left part of the calculator. They have bigger button sizes and positioned in the middle horizontally. The second group represents the numerators. They have smaller sizes compared to whole numbers group. They are located at the upper left part of the calculator. The last group represents the denominators. They have the same sizes to numerators group and located at the left lower part of the calculator.

#### Adding fraction or mixed numbers with online fraction calculator

#### Subtraction of Fraction or Mixed number using online fraction calculator

#### Multiplication of Fraction or Mixed number

#### Division for Fraction or Mixed number

#### Testimonial Phrases

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The buttons are clear and precise. It has all the functions that a student needs for fractions.

The buttons are clear and precise. It has all the functions that a student needs for fractions.

*Sometimes you don’t need anything that’s too fancy or complicated or expensive. Although I could use the app on my smart phone to calculate, it’s not as user-friendly as this fraction calculator. Big buttons, big numbers, all make this calculator works well.*

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